How to Get a Legal Separation in Louisiana

How to Get a Legal Separation in Louisiana

Legal separation is an alternative to divorce that allows couples to live separately while still remaining legally married. In Louisiana, getting a legal separation involves following specific procedures and meeting certain requirements. This article will guide you through the process of obtaining a legal separation in Louisiana and answer some frequently asked questions about this topic.

1. What is a legal separation?

A legal separation is a court-ordered arrangement where spouses live separately, divide their assets and debts, establish child custody and support arrangements, and address other related issues. Unlike divorce, legal separation does not terminate the marriage.

2. What are the grounds for legal separation in Louisiana?

Louisiana is a no-fault divorce state, meaning that no specific grounds are required to obtain a legal separation. Spouses can simply state that their marriage is irretrievably broken.

3. How do I file for legal separation in Louisiana?

To initiate the legal separation process, one spouse must file a petition for separation with the court. The petition should include information about the spouses, children (if any), assets, and the desired terms of separation.

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4. Can I get a legal separation without my spouse’s consent?

Yes, you can file for legal separation without your spouse’s consent. However, your spouse will still need to be served with the petition and have an opportunity to respond.

5. Can we still live together during a legal separation?

While it is possible for spouses to live together during a legal separation, it defeats the purpose of separating. In most cases, spouses will live separately to establish their independent lives.

6. How long does a legal separation last in Louisiana?

There is no specific time limit for a legal separation in Louisiana. It can last indefinitely until the couple decides to reconcile or pursue a divorce.

7. Can a legal separation be converted into a divorce?

Yes, a legal separation can be converted into a divorce. If either spouse wants to terminate the marriage, they can file for divorce after the legal separation has been in effect for at least six months.

8. What issues can be addressed during a legal separation?

During a legal separation, couples can address various issues, including child custody, child support, spousal support, division of assets and debts, and use of the family home or vehicle.

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9. Can I remarry after a legal separation?

No, you cannot remarry after a legal separation. Since you are still legally married, you must obtain a divorce before entering into a new marriage.


1. Is a legal separation the same as a trial separation?
No, a legal separation is a legally recognized arrangement, while a trial separation is an informal period of living apart.

2. Do we need to hire attorneys for a legal separation?
While it is not mandatory, it is highly recommended to consult with an attorney to ensure your rights and interests are protected.

3. Can we create our own separation agreement?
Yes, spouses can negotiate and create a separation agreement that addresses the terms of their separation. However, it is advisable to have an attorney review the agreement before signing.

4. Will I lose my rights to marital property during a legal separation?
No, the court can still divide marital property during a legal separation, taking into account factors such as the duration of the marriage and each spouse’s contributions.

5. Can I receive spousal support during a legal separation?
Yes, the court can award spousal support during a legal separation if it is deemed necessary based on the financial circumstances of each spouse.

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6. Can child custody be modified after a legal separation?
Yes, child custody arrangements can be modified if there is a significant change in circumstances, such as a parent’s relocation or a child’s needs.

7. Can we reconcile during a legal separation?
Yes, legal separation provides an opportunity for couples to work on their issues and potentially reconcile. If reconciliation occurs, the legal separation can be terminated.

8. Can I obtain a legal separation if my spouse is not in Louisiana?
Yes, you can still file for legal separation in Louisiana as long as you meet the residency requirements.

9. Can I get a legal separation without going to court?
No, obtaining a legal separation requires filing a petition with the court and following the necessary legal procedures.

In conclusion, getting a legal separation in Louisiana involves filing a petition with the court, addressing various issues related to separation, and following the required legal procedures. Consulting with an attorney is highly recommended to ensure your rights and interests are protected throughout the process.