How to File for Legal Separation in Nebraska

How to File for Legal Separation in Nebraska

Legal separation is a legal process that allows married couples to live separately without dissolving their marriage. It provides couples with an opportunity to take a break from each other, sort out their differences, and evaluate whether they would like to reconcile or proceed with a divorce. If you are considering legal separation in Nebraska, here is a step-by-step guide to help you navigate the process.

1. Understand the Legal Grounds: In Nebraska, legal separation requires a valid reason. Common grounds include irretrievable breakdown of the marriage or incompatibility. Additionally, you must have lived in Nebraska for at least one year prior to filing for legal separation.

2. Gather Required Documents: Begin by collecting essential documents such as your marriage certificate, financial records, and any prenuptial or postnuptial agreements. These documents will be necessary for the filing process.

3. Prepare the Petition: The next step is to prepare the petition for legal separation. This document states your reasons for seeking legal separation and any requests for child custody, visitation, spousal support, or property division.

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4. File the Petition: Once your petition is ready, file it with the district court in the county where you or your spouse currently reside. You will need to pay a filing fee, unless you qualify for a fee waiver.

5. Serve the Petition: After filing, you must serve your spouse with a copy of the petition and a summons. In Nebraska, you can serve the documents through personal service, certified mail, or publication in a newspaper if your spouse’s whereabouts are unknown.

6. Await Response: Your spouse has the right to respond to the petition within a specific timeframe. If they fail to respond, the court may grant your request by default.

7. Negotiate Settlement: If both parties are willing, you can negotiate a settlement agreement that addresses issues such as child custody, support, and property division. It is advisable to consult with an attorney during this process to ensure your rights are protected.

8. Attend Court Hearings: If you and your spouse cannot reach an agreement, the court will schedule a hearing where both parties can present their case. The judge will then make decisions on the unresolved issues.

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9. Finalize the Separation: Once the court approves your legal separation, a decree will be issued, outlining the terms of the separation. It is crucial to follow the court’s orders to avoid any legal consequences.


1. Is legal separation the same as divorce?
No, legal separation allows couples to live separately but remain married. Divorce, on the other hand, dissolves the marriage.

2. Can I request spousal support during legal separation?
Yes, you can request spousal support if you meet the eligibility criteria.

3. Can I date other people during legal separation?
Yes, legal separation allows both parties to live separate lives, including entering into new relationships.

4. Can I change my legal separation to a divorce later?
Yes, you can convert a legal separation to a divorce if you decide to end the marriage permanently.

5. What happens to our joint assets during legal separation?
The court will determine the division of assets and debts based on Nebraska’s equitable distribution laws.

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6. Can I still receive health insurance coverage from my spouse during legal separation?
It depends on your specific circumstances and the terms of your separation agreement. Consult with an attorney to understand your rights.

7. How long does the legal separation process take?
The duration varies depending on the complexity of the case, court availability, and whether you reach a settlement or go to trial.

8. Can I request child custody and visitation during legal separation?
Yes, you can request child custody and visitation arrangements during legal separation.

9. Can I file for legal separation without an attorney?
While it is possible to file for legal separation without an attorney, it is advisable to consult with one to ensure your rights are protected and the process is handled correctly.

Remember, legal separation in Nebraska is a serious legal matter. It is recommended to seek legal advice from a qualified attorney to guide you through the process and ensure your rights are upheld.