Countries Where Surrogacy Is Legal 2021: A Comprehensive Guide
Surrogacy is a complex and sensitive topic that involves a woman carrying a pregnancy and giving birth to a child for another individual or couple. It is an option for those who are unable to conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. However, the legality of surrogacy varies from country to country. In this article, we will explore the countries where surrogacy is legal in 2021 and address some frequently asked questions.
1. United States: Surrogacy is legal in the United States, although regulations differ by state. Many states have favorable laws, making it a popular destination for surrogacy.
2. Canada: Surrogacy is allowed in Canada, but it is strictly altruistic. Surrogates can only be reimbursed for their expenses, and commercial surrogacy is prohibited.
3. United Kingdom: Surrogacy is legal in the UK, but it is also altruistic. Surrogates can only be reimbursed for reasonable expenses, and the intended parents must obtain a parental order to have legal rights over the child.
4. Ukraine: Surrogacy is legal and well-regulated in Ukraine. It is open to both heterosexual and same-sex couples, and intended parents have full legal rights from the moment of conception.
5. Greece: Surrogacy is legal in Greece, and the country has become a popular destination for international intended parents. However, it is only available for heterosexual couples who have been medically proven to be infertile.
6. Russia: Surrogacy is legal in Russia, and it is available for both heterosexual and same-sex couples. However, there are some restrictions, such as a requirement for at least one intended parent to be genetically related to the child.
7. Georgia: Surrogacy is legal in Georgia, and it is open to both heterosexual and same-sex couples. The country has become a popular destination due to its relatively low cost and favorable laws.
8. India: Surrogacy was legal in India until 2018 when commercial surrogacy was banned. However, altruistic surrogacy is still permitted for Indian citizens.
9. South Africa: Surrogacy is legal in South Africa, and it is open to both heterosexual and same-sex couples. However, it can be a lengthy and complex process, requiring court approval.
1. Is surrogacy legal worldwide?
No, surrogacy is not legal in every country. It is important to research the specific laws and regulations of the country you are considering for surrogacy.
2. Can same-sex couples pursue surrogacy?
Yes, many countries allow same-sex couples to pursue surrogacy. However, the laws and regulations may vary.
3. What is the difference between altruistic and commercial surrogacy?
Altruistic surrogacy involves no financial gain for the surrogate, whereas commercial surrogacy involves monetary compensation.
4. Are there age restrictions for intended parents?
Some countries may have age restrictions for intended parents. It is essential to check the specific requirements of each country.
5. Can intended parents choose the surrogate?
In some countries, intended parents can choose their surrogate, while in others, the matching process is facilitated by an agency or clinic.
6. Can single individuals pursue surrogacy?
The eligibility of single individuals for surrogacy varies by country. Some countries allow it, while others require intended parents to be in a committed relationship.
7. Are there any restrictions based on nationality?
Certain countries may have restrictions based on nationality, making surrogacy only available for citizens or residents.
8. How long does the surrogacy process take?
The duration of the surrogacy process can vary greatly depending on the country, individual circumstances, and legal requirements.
9. What legal documents are needed for international surrogacy?
International surrogacy often requires legal documents such as a surrogacy agreement, parental orders, and immigration paperwork. Consulting with an attorney specializing in international surrogacy is crucial.
In conclusion, surrogacy is a viable option for individuals or couples struggling with infertility or other medical conditions. However, the legality and regulations surrounding surrogacy differ from country to country. It is essential to thoroughly research and understand the laws and requirements of the chosen destination before embarking on the surrogacy journey. Consulting with professionals and legal experts specializing in surrogacy can provide guidance and support throughout the process.